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Traces of Latin in modern English......

The end of the 20th century and the dawn of the 21st century have seen the growth of the English language into a global means of communication. The English language has now gained a tremendously significant role in international business and trading. It is a living language, and what’s more, it is a living language which grows from a so-called dead language – Latin. Nowadays, Latin is not widely spoken in daily communication, and it seems to slip into oblivion. Still, we can still trace it through modern English correspondence.

Look at these following words and phrases*. You must have seen these most common Latin phrases somewhere, mustn’t you?

           - ad hoc
(adj, adv.): happening when necessary and not planned in advance

             Due to the urgent issue, they called for an ad hoc meeting.

           - Emeritus
(adj.): used with a title to show that a person, usually a university teacher, keeps the title as an honor, although he or she has stopped working

             the Emeritus Professor of Physics

           - impromptu
(adj.): done without preparation or planning

            Being so excited before his nuptials, the prince decided to take an impromptu walk downtown with this brother.

           - in situ
(adv.): in the original or correct place

            The manhole was cast in situ due to some technical modifications.

           - cum
(prep.): and, as well as

           She is going to apply for the position of secretary-cum-translator.

           - status quo
(n.): the situation as it is now, or as it was before a recent change

            Following the procedure, they need to film the status quo before starting construction work

           - insignia
(n.): the symbol, badge or sign that shows somebody’s rank or that they are a member of a group or an organization

             The princess wore a hat with the royal insignia to the celebration.

           - circa
(prep.): (used with dates) about

            Her grandmother left a diamond and sapphire ring circa 1925 to her.

           - etc. (=et cetera)
: used after a list to show that there are other things that you could have mentioned

            She came into a big fortune which includes a castle, a detached house, a Rolls-Royce, several jewelry collections, etc.

            - i.e. (=id est): used to explain what the previous thing that you have mentioned means:

            Airfreight, i.e. the method of delivering goods by airplanes, was severely affected when oil price soars.

            - summa cum laude
(adv.): (in the US) at the highest level of achievement that students can reach when they finish their studies at college

            She graduated summa cum laude from Princeton University.

            - via
(prep): through a place; by means of a particular person, system, etc

            He said he would contact us via telephone.

            - re (=res)
(prep): used at the beginning of a business letter, etc. to introduce the subject that it is about; used on an email that you are sending as a reply
       * The definitions or usage of the Latin words and phrases are taken from Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary (Sixth edition) by A.S. Hornby

Keywords: dich thuat